Determinants, such as trust, are probably mutually reinforcing7 this is true, for example, of the italian city states analyzed by guiso, sapienza, and zingales (2008), as well as the work of jha 4 a more general model is bisin and verdier (2001. This paper examines how robust economic, political, and demographic variables are related to water and air pollution employing bayesian averaging of classical estimates (bace) for a cross section of up to 74 countries, 33 variables and 3 proxies for air and water pollution over a period from 1980. Determinants are the price of investment goods, distance this paper—a product of the growth and the macroeconomics team, development research group—is part of a larger effort in the department to assess the determinants of economic growth. A total of 16 variables are tested for robustness: 4 economic variables (economic develop- ment, openness to international trade, state intervention in the economy, endowment of natural resources), 5 sociocultural variables (british legal system, british colonial heritage, protestant. The aim of this article is to analyse to what extent various economic, political, and demographic variables that have been suggested in the literature are robust determinants of water and air pollution.
1 introduction this paper investigates the determinants of economic growth in european regions in the 1995-2005 period there is a very large literature on determinants of economic growth. Determinants, and the economic growth of developing countries unlike non-spatial models, the advantage of spatial econometric models lies in their ability to capture. Abstract: this paper empirically assesses the selection effects and determinants of thedemand for suppl e-mental health insurance that covers hospital and dental benefits in germany. Determinants of economic growth (panel data approach) edwin dewan shajehan hussein working paper 01/04 may 2001 economics department reserve bank of fiji.
Abstract this paper presents an empirical analysis of the determinants of patent litigation in germany, based on information from suits filed during the period from 1993 to 1995 at two of the three most important district courts. Economic papers are written by the staff of the directorate-general for economic and financial affairs, or by experts working in association with them the papers are intended to increase awareness. Abstract: despite the substantial body of research studying the determinants of the shadow economy in the past few decades, consensus on a set of consistent drivers of the underground sector has failed to emerge this paper aims to synthesize the literature by identifying robust determinants of the.
1 the countries are germany, italy, france, the united states, japan, australia, canada, great britain and spain 2 the labor inputs are measured by the total labor hours adjusted by quality of labor (human capital. Seasoned equity offerings in germany determinants of short- and long-run abnormal return - andre domes - term paper - business economics - investment and finance - publish your bachelor's or master's thesis, dissertation, term paper or essay. Im and birth outcomes are key population health indicators, for three primary reasons first, im is a widely accepted indicator of social development and economic change , and im/birth outcomes enable comparisons of population health attainment across diverse settings. More papers in iza discussion papers from institute for the study of labor (iza) iza, po box 7240, d-53072 bonn, germany contact information at edirc bibliographic data for series maintained by mark fallak ( .
The macroeconomic variables are, on the whole, of the positive and statistically meaningful determinants to the peace, in spite of the fact that some are not robust the war remains damaging to the peace and this in a robust manner. Nber program(s):economic fluctuations and growth, international finance and macroeconomics this paper investigates the determinants of business cycle comovement between countries our dataset includes over 100 countries, both developed and developing. Three empirical essays on the determinants of economic growth inaugural-dissertation zur erlangung des grades doctor oeconomiae publicae (dr oec publ) an der ludwig-maximilians-universität münchen. 3 dimitrios soudis, determinants of sovereign bonds ratings: a robustness analysis, bulletin of economic research, 2017, 69, 2, 164wiley online library 4 veysel eraslan , do sovereign rating announcements affect emerging market exchange rate correlations. The 12 pillars of competitiveness we define competitiveness as the set of institutions, policies, and factors that determine the level of productivity of a country the level of productivity, in turn, sets the level of prosperity that can be reached by an economy.
Determinants of comparative economic development across countries and regions of the world more speci cally, chapter 1 argues that factors determined tens of thousands of years ago had a signi cant. Talking about articles with reference to the german's secret for economic robustness, there are various available were the authors aim to point out these parameters which made germany so powerful in today's market. Germany's robust economy, the world's fifth largest and europe's largest, is based on exports of high-quality manufactured goods rule of lawview methodology. American economic review papers and proceedings, may 1999, vol 89, pp139-144 download the paper in acrobat pdf format the property that ideas are nonrivalrous leads to a tight link between idea-based growth models and increasing returns to scale.
Analysis suggests that determinants of growth spells in africa are different from those in the rest of the world the majority of the identified robust determinants have a distinct impact in only one. 1 introduction this investigation undertakes an exhaustive search for robust determinants of inter-national trade, where robustness is tested using three popular empirical methods.
Economic forum, and gives a direct estimation of the shadow economy the established corruption perception index by transparency international is composed of 13 independent key figures, with the assumption that countries with more. Regional determinants of economic resilience 239 issue show that the factors of regional competitiveness in ordinary times, innovative-ness, human capital, agglomeration economies, etc are alsothe main determinants of. Abstract: to synthesize the literature on determinants of the shadow economy, this paper uses three cross-national shadow economy measures and employs numerous determinants over hundreds of model combinations to identify robust determinants of the shadow economy and address modeling uncertainty we.