Helen and paris, charles maynier what happens when the host-guest relationship is abused or otherwise breaks down in homer's epic songs of the trojan war, the iliad and the odyssey, this happens at least three times. In the role of the host, the suitors failed to provide proper xenia by insulting their guest, odysseus, by injuring him instead of protecting him from harm, and by not being as hospitable as possible. Xenia is the greek concept of hospitality, or generosity and courtesy shown to those who are far from home it is often translated as guest-friendship (or ritualized friendship) because the rituals of hospitality created and expressed a reciprocal relationship between guest and host. They had a whole word for the relationship between guest and host: xenia zeus was in charge of this relationship, and it was one of the ground rules of ancient society zeus was in charge of this relationship, and it was one of the ground rules of ancient society. Xenia in the odyssey hospitality today is nothing like it was in ancient greece today, good hospitality is being friendly and respectful to a guest.
The guest-host relationship in both the iliad and the odyssey remain constant, the differences between the two dependent only on the differing circumstances posed by each tale (biggs, joseph, schrodt & dustan, nd. Xenia — xenia is the greek term for guest-friendship this is a social relationship between a guest and a host that is symbolized through hospitality and the exchange of precious gifts a xenia relationship can be maintained over many generations and takes precedence over other relationships.
Throughout the odyssey there are many ongoing themes, but one of the most important themes of this story is the tradition of greek hospitality or xenia this type of hospitality was very unique and it played an important role in the ancient greek society. If either the host or the guest was to break any rule set by xenia, there would be severe penalties dealt by zeus and also by society xenia is an important theme in homer's the odyssey every household in the epic is seen alongside xenia. Learn literature vocabulary terms greek iliad with free interactive flashcards choose from 500 different sets of literature vocabulary terms greek iliad flashcards on quizlet. The trojan war described in the iliad of homer actually resulted from a violation of xenia paris, from the house of priam of troy, was a guest of menelaus, king of mycenaean sparta, but seriously transgressed the bounds of xenia by abducting his host's wife, helen.
In the odyssey, xenia is a theme which is shown repeatedly throughout the book: nestor and menelaos take in telemakhos warmly as a guest and eumaios plays an excellent host to odysseus, while odysseus is disguised as a wanderingshow more content. Xenia (greek: ξενία, translit xenía , meaning guest-friendship) is the ancient greek concept of hospitality , the generosity and courtesy shown to those who are far from home and/or associates of the person bestowing guest-friendship. The video gave me a better understanding of what xenia is telling quite simply its devine law that people are required to host traveling strangers, and how important this rule truly is seeing how it started an entire trojan war. Xenia was an ancient greek tradition of hospitality which consisted of a host-guest ritual, which followed a series of steps and a permanent, unplanned agreement of friendship between strangers in the first four books of the the odyssey, or the telemachy, xenia is seen to affect how people interact with one another in every situation where.
The video about the iliad broadened my understanding of the guest/host relationship, or xenia people trusted each other, the guest trusted the host to provide shelter and food while the host trusted the guest to provide news and entertainment. Key books are of course book 4 (helen and menelaus' xeniatowards telemachos), books 6 and eight (nausicaa's, arete's andalcinoos' xenia towards odysseus) and then book 9 (the pervertedxenia between odysseus and polyphemos where odysseus violates all ofthe rules governing the guest and polyphemos the host) and the scenes back in ithaka where. The host was expected to show hospitality and make sure the guests needs were met in greek society a person's ability to abide by the laws of hospitality determined nobility and social standing. Xenia is commonly used to portray hospitality or a guest/host relationship xenia, is important in ancient greek society zeus is the god of travelers, in addition to being the king of the gods this forces for the host to feel obliged to treat their guests with much hospitality, and vice versa with. Throughout the iliad and the odyssey we see a multitude of examples of how greeks saw the rules of hospitality we shouldn't forget that the trojan war happened because paris broke these rules we shouldn't forget that the trojan war happened because paris broke these rules.
Its violation was a serious offense: it meant that no one could feel safe, neither a host nor a guest the hospitality tradition in ancient greece was marked with the word xenia it stands for hosts' generosity and good intentions towards strangers. Ate: blindness, madness, or folly that the gods may impose with or without the fault of the human dactylic hexameter: the meter of epic has 6 dactylic feet in a line a dactyl is a long syllable followed by two short. Xenia, and the masculine xenios are epithets of athena and zeus, describing them as presiding over the laws of hospitality and protecting strangers for example, polyphemus practiced bad xenia, as a host, by trapping odysseus and his men and eating them.
Start studying the odyssey- xenia learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Xenia created an obligation for the host to be hospitable to their guests, and conversely, the guests had their own responsibilities too if either the host or the guest was to break a xenia rule, there would be severe penalties dealt by zeus and also by society. Both the odyssey and the iliad are filled with episodes in which xenia is either honored or ignored and the subsequent consequences are notable for instance, when odysseus sails to the island of the cyclops, the monster's treatment of odysseus and his sailors is a violation of the custom of xenia.